Other Cancer Treatment
Our radiation oncology clinics treat many kinds of cancers with radiation therapy:
- Prostate cancer
- Breast cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Lung cancer
- Head and neck cancers
- Gynecologic cancers
- Skin cancers
- Gastrointestinal cancers
- Urinary tract cancers
Most of these cancers are treated by a team of cancer specialists which may include a surgeon, a medical oncologist, and a radiation oncologist.
If you are referred for radiation therapy during your cancer care, you have a choice as to where you go. Talk to your doctor about where you’d like to receive state-of-the-art radiation therapy that’s also conveniently located close to home.
Skin cancers are the most common cancer, and 90% of cases are linked to sun exposure. 80% of skin cancers are basal cell carcinomas, 19% are squamous cell carcinomas, and about 1% are melanomas (most dangerous form of skin cancer). Skin cancer treatments for basal and squamous cell carcinomas may be treated in a dermatologist’s office with topical treatments, freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryosurgery), or surgery. If these modalities are not available or cannot be performed, radiation therapy is a very effective treatment in many cases.
Melanomas are treated with surgery, followed sometimes by chemotherapy, immunotherapy and/or radiation. Radiation therapy may be recommended after surgery to kill cancer cells remaining in the area where lymph nodes had been removed, for recurrent skin cancer, or to reduce the spread of cancer (metastasis). Skin cancer treatment in our clinics may include Superficial Electrons or hypo fractionated HDR (High Dose Radiation).
Gastrointestinal cancers include esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, and gallbladder cancer. Radiation therapy for gastrointestinal cancers is normally given with IMRT (Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy).
Esophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Risk factors include smoking, obesity, heavy alcohol use, and potentially lacking sufficient amounts of fruits and vegetables in your diet. Men are three times more likely to develop esophageal cancer than women, and esophageal cancer treatment may include chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy before and/or after surgery.
According to the National Cancer Institute, pancreatic cancer is the 11th most common cancer in the United States and is an aggressive form of cancer. The risk of developing pancreatic cancer increases with age, according to the NCI, and 89% of all new diagnoses are individuals age 55 and older. Risk factors include smoking, obesity, diabetes, and a family history of pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic cancer treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Stomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, is rare and is the 15th most common cancer in the United States. Risk factors include smoking, obesity, and a high diet of salt and processed foods. Surgery is often the primary treatment for stomach cancer, followed by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy in some cases.
Liver cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world and affects men three times more often than women. Because all blood in the body passes through the liver for filtration, most liver cancer is secondary or metastatic, meaning it started elsewhere in the body. Risk factors for primary liver cancer include heavy alcohol use, drug use, smoking, obesity, and diabetes. Liver cancer treatment options include partial hepatectomy (removal of tumors in the liver), liver transplant, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Gallbladder cancer is rare in the United States, difficult to diagnose, and occurs 3 to 4 times more often in women than men. Gallstones are the most common risk factor for gallbladder cancer; however, gallstones are very common, and most people with gallstones never develop gallbladder cancer. Gallbladder cancer treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Urinary Tract Cancers
Bladder cancer is the sixth most common form of cancer and is three-times more common in men than in women and two times more common in Caucasians than in African Americans. 90% of those diagnosed with bladder cancer are over 55 years old. Bladder cancers are treated with surgery, plus or minus chemotherapy with or without radiation, IMRT (Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy).
Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell carcinoma, is the eighth most common cancer diagnosed in the United States. Risk factors include obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, kidney dialysis, and a family history of kidney disease. Surgery, full or partial nephrectomy, is the primary treatment option plus or minus chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or radiation. Radiation therapy for kidney cancer is normally given with IMRT (Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy).