When prostate cancer is found in an early stage, immediate treatment is not always necessary. Because it's typically a slow growing cancer, most men have time to conduct research and decide on the best treatment option for you. You should also consider getting a second opinion.
The Gleason score and grade, determined during a prostate biopsy, will give an indication as to how extensive the prostate cancer is. If the results show that it's expected to grow slowly, no treatment may be needed for several months or even a few years. During this time you may be monitored with PSA tests ad even a periodic repeat of the biopsy.
This is referred to as watchful waiting or active surveillance.
There are several options for treating prostate cancer that do not require surgery. For most patients, chemotherapy is not necessary since the cancer is contained within the prostate. Some of the most common non-surgical prostate cancer treatments use radiation to kill the cancer cells while trying to protect nearby healthy prostate cells as well as other nearby organs such as the colon, bladder and more.
ProstRcision is a specific prostate cancer treatment, developed by one of our own radiation oncologists, that uses a combination of two types of radiation therapy for a high rate of success.
Brachytherapy is a form of internal radiation that uses low or high dose radiation implants close inside the body or right next to the cancer cells.
Proton therapy is a type of external beam radiation that can be used to treat prostate cancer tumors with a stream of protons (small positively charged particles) instead of X-rays.
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a new type of prostate cancer treatment that uses ultrasound waves to locate, heat, and destroy cancer cells.
CyberKnife is a form of high-dose radiation treatment. CyberKnife's robotic arm delivers Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) to the prostate while compensating for movements of the prostate and, theoretically, protecting nearby tissue.
Make an informed prostate cancer treatment decision. Our 40-page, comprehensive guidebook provides answers to our most frequently asked questions from men diagnosed with prostate cancer, and compares various treatment methods, cure rates and side effects. Our team can also connect you with one of our oncologists at no cost.
For most men, prostate removal surgery, known as a radical prostatectomy, is not necessary. This is especially true if the cancer is found early and/or if it’s slower growing. If surgery is required, it’s typically done laparoscopically. This uses very small incisions to insert instruments to remove the prostate and reconnect the other organs in the area.